The role of attitudes in science

Author: Farhad Yazdi

When we review the history of science, We find it full of achievements , discoveries and inventions that have been obtained simultaneously by multiple people. But in most cases, only one of them has all the honors. An outstanding example of such is “data  transmission by radio waves.”  When  i talk about radio, probably every one remembers the Irish-Italian scientist Marconi…

But perhaps not surprising that the English scientist named Lodge and Indian scholar named Chandra Jagadysh earlier than Marconi, build amazing devices, capable of transmitting information by radio waves . So, why Marconi tied with the radio industry?

Here I am referring to the views and attitudes. From the perspective of knowledge and technical ability, the Lodge was higher than Marconi. Also, original equipment innovated by Jagadysh was far more complex than was Marconi. So what is the philosophy of insisting on the name of Marconi?

I start from Jagadysh. He was the citizen of a country that belonged to the third world colony. His confidence was not enough. He was not aware of his invention importance and finally even documentation of his innovative device was compiled by the British. Although he was a professor at Calcutta University, but did not believe himself as a first class inventor.

But whats the matter about Lodge ?

He had built a device in which, a transmitters’ signals received at distances of several meters by a receiver and make it to the sound of a bell.

Unfortunately, wrong views and wrong attitudes to the subject by Lodge, changed his great invention  to a Maxwell’s equations examiner …

While the vast vision of  Marconi, led him to the world of  wireless data transmission  beyond the English Channel and even more (between Europe and America)

I want to say,  for enlargement, in addition to knowledge, attitude is necessary too. If human knowledge remained in a single dimensional mode and was not associated with attitudes, It didn’t change from alchemy and magic to the modern science and had no tangible effect on human life.

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